This is an aerial view of Sangam Bridge where Mula & Mutha meet in Pune. The polluted waters of Mutha, which flows through Pune mix with relatively cleaner Mula. The polluted dirty waters are clearly seen here. The photo corroborates the point made by our reader below. This is true about all our rivers and waterbodies - may it be Mula-Mutha or Mithi or Rankala or Godawari.
The Question is when did we turned so callous about our own resources?
- Sakaal Blog
Rivers were carved out by nature to carry the water from their catchment areas to the seas.Their cross-sections are adequate to carry all the flood water in the monsoons & they will overflow their banks rarely,when there is extra-ordinary amount of rain in a short span!However,when the township municipal bodies start interfering with them like constructing roads in their beds,overlook unauthorised dumping/reclamation on their beds & banks,dumping of garbage or rubble on their banks on beds,the cross sectional areas keep reducing & cannot carry earlier quantum of water.
This is when they spill over the banks,enter all houses in low lying areas & cause havoc including loss of lives & property etc in the monsoons.This has to stop though enough harm has been done in most rivers including the Mutha,Mitha,Indrayani etc.But this only the govt or municipal bodies have to control.
I have participated in Mutha river cleaning campaign on behalf of IMF earlier with co-operation of PMC health dept.It was a very limited success as effluents continued to flow in or be thrown in.Normally,rivers with a perennial ebb current get cleaned by the current itself,which carries away the floatsam,but in Mutha,this happens only on few days in monsoon,when the sluice gates of dams are opened!Rest of the year,it degenerates into a nullah for dumping of garbage.
In USA & Europe,there are severe penalties including prison terms for polluters,besides the fact that the people are too caring & proud to spoil "their" environment!The US Coast Guard keeps strict vigil not just on the coastline,but also in ports & rivers.Rivers in developed countries around the world are kept absolutely clean,their banks built with proper sloping walls,dykes & protective railings etc & are a pleasure to watch unlike our filthy,effluent choked & mostly dried up & mostly illused rivers.Mutha is no exception!
The PMC is lenient with defaulters, who don't care & continue to pollute.All rivers in India are badly polluted & occasional campaigns to clean them are of limited value!